NEW ATTEMPT TO GRANT AMNESTY IN GUATEMALA: ANALYSIS OF BILL 5920 - Policy Brief,
In this policy brief we analyze Bill 5920, which proposes a general amnesty for all crimes committed during the internal armed conflict (1960-1996) in Guatemala. On June 8, 2021, the legislative initiative was introduced by representatives of the Valor party of Zury Rios, the daughter of former dictator Rios Montt.
Based on a series of false premises about international law, the bill contravenes the Constitution and international human rights treaties ratified by Guatemala. The bill’s approval represents an imminent danger to the right to justice of victims and survivors of the armed conflict, and would be considered in contempt of the judgments of the Constitutional Court and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
In this policy brief, we provide an analysis of the Bill 5920, referring to the Constitution, the National Reconciliation Law, the Peace Accords, and the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court, as well as international treaties ratified by Guatemala and international standards on victims’ right to justice and the prohibition of total amnesty.