This background paper provides a general introduction to gender sensitive processes which contribute to realising victims’ rights to truth, justice, and reparation, and guarantees of non-recurrence (TJRNR processes). The first section presents the main issues that deserve attention in the field of gender, peace and conflict. It gives a brief overview of the main international commitments to gender sensitivity and their implementation. This serves as basis for the second section which discusses the gender sensitivity of TJRNR processes. The second section first examines the specific international political and legal commitments made as regards gender sensitivity in TJRNR processes. It then analyses, in turn, the rights to truth, justice, reparations, and guarantees of non-recurrence. In each case, it identifies good practice examples and lessons learnt from various post conflict settings. Given its limited scope, this background paper aims to present a short overview of what has been achieved to date in the field of gender, peace and conflict, and to what extent TJRNR processes which have been designed or implemented in various post conflict settings are gender sensitive. This paper thus serves to complement the in country reports and policy paper which are part of Impunity Watch’s gender project. It is based primarily on existing literature rather than field research; accordingly and in connection with its short length it necessarily presents a global overview rather than in depth analysis of individual instruments and processes.